Chủ Nhật, ngày 21 tháng 4 năm 2013

Vanda

Vanda is a genus in the orchid family (Orchidaceae) which, although not large (about fifty species), is one of the most important florally. This genus and it allies are considered to be the most highly evolved of all orchids within Orchidaceae. The genus is very highly prized in horticulture for its showy, fragrant, long lasting, and intensely colorful flowers.[1]

Species[4]

  1. Vanda alpina (Lindl.) Lindl. Fol. Orchid. 4: 10 (1853) (Himalaya to China - S. Yunnan).
  2. Vanda arbuthnotiana Kraenzl., Gard. Chron. 1892(India).
  3. Vanda arcuata J.J.Sm. 1907(Indonesia - Sulawesi).http://www.orchidspecies.com/orphotdir/vandarcuata.jpghttp://2.bp.blogspot.com/_OdsD-rDxkEI/TDmnLQCFVjI/AAAAAAAAAVs/znGep3E4Two/s1600/Vanda+arcuata2.jpg
  4. Vanda bensonii Bateman 1866 (Assam to Thailand).http://farm5.staticflickr.com/4081/4778579729_72a9214f81_o.jpg
  5. Vanda bicolor Griff. 1851 (Bhutan).http://farm5.staticflickr.com/4065/4344929936_e66a87f90f_b.jpg
  6. Vanda bidupensis Aver. & Christenson 1998 (Vietnam).http://www.tni.ac.vn/Upload/image/Department/Vanda-bidupensis-Aver.gif
  7. Vanda brunnea (China - Yunnan to Indo-China).
  8.  Vanda caeruleahttp://www.ufv.br/aoov/viagens/ExpoJF06/Vanda%20caerulea%20-%20Exposi%C3%A7%C3%A3o%20de%20Juiz%20de%20Fora%202006.jpg
  9. Vanda celebica Rolfe 1899 (Indonesia – Sulawesi).http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-s5e6v98at-4/UOIzYstaFEI/AAAAAAAACAg/m1UPrLP7ne4/s1600/IMG_4486-3.jpg
  10. Vanda chlorosantha (Garay) Christenson(Bhutan).http://orchid.unibas.ch/phpMyHerbarium/2104200/1/Vanda/chlorosantha/Garay_Leslie_A./Christenson_Eric_A./img/2104200m.jpghttp://www.orchidspecies.com/orphotdir/trudchlorosantha.jpg
  11. Vanda coerulea Griff. ex Lindl. 1847 "Blue Orchid" (Assam to China - S. Yunnan)http://i1198.photobucket.com/albums/aa450/subhan2/Vanda/1.jpg
  12. Vanda coerulescens Griffith 1851 (Arunachal Pradesh to China - S. Yunnan).http://www.my-orchids.eu/shop/catalog/images/vanda_coerulescens_popup.jpg
  13. Vanda concolor Blume 1849 (S. China to Vietnam).
  14. Vanda cristata (Himalaya to China - NW. Yunnan).http://www.orchidboard.com/community/attachments/vanda-alliance-others/31829d1243404762-vanda-trudelia-cristata-090510-015.jpg
  15. Vanda dearei Rchb. f. 1886 (Borneo).http://farm5.staticflickr.com/4008/4218172632_5a6230834a_b.jpghttp://farm6.staticflickr.com/5247/5355966791_56ed637708_z.jpg
  16. Vanda denisoniana Bens. & Rchb.f. 1869(China - Yunnan to N. Indo-China).http://www.premdesign.com/orchidpics/vanda_denisoniana.jpg
  17. Vanda devoogtii J.J.Sm.1932 (Sulawesi).
  18. Vanda flabellata (Rolfe ex Downie) Christenson, 1985http://farm8.staticflickr.com/7099/7301011712_5dced04b1f_h.jpg
  19. Vanda foetida J.J.Sm., 1906(S. Sumatra).
  20. Vanda furva (L.) Lindl. 1833(Java, Maluku).http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-APlTIgeigD4/UJZcLqc4OVI/AAAAAAAACGI/OPVW7rvbBb0/s1600/Vanda+furva1.jpghttp://phytoimages.siu.edu/users/pelserpb/2_26_12/26Feb12/DSCF5159.jpg
  21. Vanda fuscoviridis Lindley, Gard. Chron. 1848(S. China to Vietnam).http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-nFku5NWjJrg/UJZcNkQTALI/AAAAAAAACGg/xLn9PO5HvFg/s1600/Vanda+fuscoviridis1.jpg
  22. Vanda griffithii Lindl. 1851 (E. Himalaya).http://www.orchidspecies.com/orphotdir/trudgriffithii.jpg
  23. Vanda hastifera Rchb. f. 1877(Borneo). http://images1.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20080522094003/orchids/en/images/b/ba/Vanda_hastifera.jpg
    • Vanda hastifera var. gibbsiae (N. Borneo).
    • Vanda hastifera var. hastifera (Borneo).
  24. Vanda helvola Blume 1849(W. Malaysia to Philippines).Reddish Vanda Helvolahttp://3.bp.blogspot.com/-uTLzhblZo74/TVNJcRw51HI/AAAAAAAADmI/U7H7LclWb1g/s1600/IMG_0044.JPG
  25. Vanda hindsii Lindl. 1843(Papuasia to N. Queensland).http://farm6.staticflickr.com/5300/5419373846_0452d2a6bc_o.jpg
  26. Vanda insignis Blume 1849 (Lesser Sunda Is.).http://www.orchidsonline.com.au/files/images/IMG_2552-3.preview.jpg
  27. Vanda jainii A.S.Chauhan(Assam).
  28. Vanda javierae (Philippines - Luzon).
  29. Vanda jennae P.O'Byrne & J.J.Verm., 2005Vanda Jennae Orchids Wiki
  30. Vanda lamellata Lindley 1838 (Taiwan (to Philippines, North Borneo) http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-SCvVyW8Sahs/Tb0bSXp1IfI/AAAAAAAABDk/ghMqcRJAafc/s1600/IMG_7389-4.jpghttp://www.orchidsonline.com.au/files/V.lamellata%20P.JPG
  31. Vanda leucostele Schltr., 1911 (N. & W. Sumatra).http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-EtZvvjcqdYM/URpM0sqxo7I/AAAAAAAAoB4/fUSkeWFtJ-o/s640/Vanda+leucostele+Schltr..jpg
  32. Vanda lilacina Teijsm. & Binn. 1862 (China - Yunnan to Indo-China).http://orchids.la.coocan.jp/Vanda/Vanda%20lilacina/DSC09300.JPGhttp://www.orchidboard.com/community/attachments/vanda-alliance-others/77605d1360706038-vanda-lilacina-img_1257.jpg
  33. Vanda limbata Blume 1849 (Java, Lesser Sunda Is., Philippines - Mindanao).http://phytoimages.siu.edu/users/pelserpb/8_15_12/16aug12/11.jpghttp://phytoimages.siu.edu/users/pelserpb/8_15_12/16aug12/3.jpg
  34. Vanda lindenii (Maluku). (synonym of the accepted name Vanda furva (L.) Lindl. )http://farm5.staticflickr.com/4019/4649644176_6972412934_z.jpg
  35. Vanda liouvillei Finet 1912(Assam to Indo-China).http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-Pg5Yvn2TOc0/UGPw_vNOAoI/AAAAAAAAB8E/kjZBFSNc1xg/s1600/4330047448_8729b4496b_o.jpg
  36. Vanda lombokensis J.J.Sm. 1925 (Lesser Sunda Is.).http://farm6.staticflickr.com/5017/5496293341_8011d34085.jpg
  37. Vanda luzonica (Philippines - Luzon).
  38. Vanda merrillii Ames & Quisumb. 1932(Philippines).
  39. Vanda metusalae P.O'Byrne & J.J.Verm.2008 P.O'Byrne & J.J.Verm. (2008)http://farm6.staticflickr.com/5137/5514609743_c15bd3b770_o.jpg
  40. Vanda petersiana Schltr.1918(Myanmar).http://i395.photobucket.com/albums/pp36/tintin_cottage/Orchids/Vanda/DSC_0019-1-3.jpg
  41. Vanda pumila Hook. f. 1896 (Nepal to Hainan and N. Sumatra).
  42. Vanda punctata (Pen. Malaysia).
  43. Vanda roeblingiana (Philippines - Luzon).http://www.orchidsonline.com.au/files/VandaRoeblingiana03Crop.jpg
  44. Vanda sanderiana (now synonym of Euanthe sanderiana)
  45. Vanda scandens (Borneo, Philippines - Mindanao).
  46. Vanda spathulata (India -Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Sri Lanka).
  47.  Vanda sp.http://i1198.photobucket.com/albums/aa450/subhan2/blog%20anggrek%20kalteng/vanda.jpg
  48. Vanda stangeana Rchb. f. 1858(India - Arunachal Pradesh to Assam).http://www.rv-orchidworks.com/orchidtalk/attachments/cattleyas-vandas-dendrobiums-bloom/31531d1281983041-vanda-stangeana-img_9083.jpghttp://www.doweryorchids.com/orchids/fall-03/Vanda%20stangeana.JPG
  49. Vanda subconcolor Tang & F.T.Wang 1974 (China - SW. Yunnan to Hainan). http://aeridinae.e-monocot.org/sites/aeridinae.e-monocot.org/files/VandaSubconcolorHolgerPerner.jpg
    • Vanda subconcolor var. disticha (Hainan). (synonym of the accepted name Vanda subconcolor Tang & F.T.Wang , 1974)
  50. Vanda sumatrana (Sumatra).
  51. Vanda tessellata (Indian Subcontinent to Indo-China).
  52. Vanda testacea (Lindley) Rchb. f. (Indian Subcontinent to SC. China).http://www.indiamike.com/files/images/43/26/01/vanda-testacea.jpghttp://1.bp.blogspot.com/-s-JeY9znmn8/Tc_DSN7I83I/AAAAAAAABdk/HTmoNAg-WB8/s1600/testacea-tree.jpg
  53. Vanda thwaitesii Hook.f. Author: H.Trimen Year: (1898) (S.India, Sri Lanka).http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-b9dCrfloFvY/TbPnVF5WbPI/AAAAAAAABcw/vlO1UNct084/s1600/Vanda-thwaitesii-bloom.jpg
  54.  Vanda tricolor
  55. Vanda suavis Lindl. 1848 (Laos, Java to Bali).http://de.academic.ru/pictures/dewiki/86/Vanda_tricolor_var_suavis.jpg
  56. Vanda ustii Golamco, Claustro and de Mesa 2000(Philippines - Luzon).http://www.orchidsonline.com.au/files/images/Vandaspplant.preview.JPG
  57. Vanda vipanii Rchb.f. Gard. Chron., n.s., 18: 134 (1882) (Myanmar).http://aeridinae.e-monocot.org/sites/aeridinae.e-monocot.org/files/VandaVipaniRudolfJenny.jpg
  58. Vanda wightii (S. India)http://tropicalplantbook.com/garden_plants/images/orchids/vanda/2/Vanda-wightii--800.jpghttp://2.bp.blogspot.com/_xxPgks27j5o/TFrWO2pGdAI/AAAAAAAAABU/wYYWb5H-YsM/s1600/Hj+Naza+House+-+3+Aug+10+013.jpg

Natural hybrids

  • Vanda × boumaniae (V. insignis × V. limbata) (Lesser Sunda Is.).
  • Vanda × charlesworthii (V. bensonii × V. coerulea) (Myanmar).
  • Vanda × confusa (V. coerulescens × V. lilacina) (Myanmar).
  • Vanda × Miss Joaquim (V. hookeriana × V. teres) (Singapore).

Intergeneric hybrids

  • Aeridovanda (Aerides × Vanda)
  • Aeridovanisia (Aerides × Luisia × Vanda)
  • Alphonsoara (Arachnis × Ascocentrum × Vanda × Vandopsis)
  • Andrewara (Arachnis × Renanthera × Trichoglottis × Vanda)
  • Aranda (Arachnis × Vanda)
  • Ascocenda (Ascocentrum × Vanda)
  • Ascovandoritis (Ascocentrum × Doritis × Vanda)
  • Bokchoonara (Arachnis × Ascocentrum × Phalaenopsis × Vanda)
  • Bovornara (Arachnis × Ascocentrum × Rhynchostylis × Vanda)
  • Burkillara (Aerides × Arachnis × Vanda)
  • Charlieara (Rhynchostylis × Vanda × Vandopsis)
  • Christieara (Aerides × Ascocentrum × Vanda)
  • Darwinara (Ascocentrum × Neofinetia × Rhynchostylis × Vanda)
  • Debruyneara (Ascocentrum × Luisia × Vanda)
  • Devereu×ara (Ascocentrum × Phalaenopsis × Vanda)
  • Eastonara (Ascocentrum × Gastrochilus × Vanda)
  • Fujiora (Ascocentrum × Trichoglottis × Vanda)
  • Goffara (Luisia × Rhynchostylis × Vanda)
  • Hawaiiara (Renanthera × Vanda × Vandopsis)
  • Hagerara (Doritis × Phalaenopsis × Vanda)
  • Himoriara (Ascocentrum × Phalaenopsis × Rhynchostylis × Vanda)
  • Holttumara (Arachnis × Renanthera × Vanda)
  • Isaoara (Aerides × Ascocentrum × Phalaenopsis × Vanda)
  • Joannara (Renanthera × Rhynchostylis × Vanda)
  • Kagawara (Ascocentrum × Renanthera × Vanda)
  • Knappara (Ascocentrum × Rhynchostylis × Vanda × Vandopsis)
  • Knudsonara (Ascocentrum × Neofinetia × Renanthera × Rhynchostylis × Vanda)
  • Leeara (Arachnis × Vanda × Vandopsis)
  • Luisanda (Luisia × Vanda)
  • Luivanetia (Luisia × Neofinetia × Vanda)
  • Lewisara (Aerides × Arachnis × Ascocentrum × Vanda)
  • Maccoyara (Aerides × Vanda × Vandopsis)
  • Macekara (Arachnis × Phalaenopsis × Renanthera × Vanda × Vandopsis)
  • Micholitzara (Aerides × Ascocentrum × Neofinetia × Vanda)
  • Moirara (Phalaenopsis × Renanthera × Vanda)
  • Mokara (Arachnis × Ascocentrum × Vanda)
  • Nakamotoara (Ascocentrum × Neofinetia × Vanda)
  • Nobleara (Aerides × Renanthera × Vanda)
  • Okaara (Ascocentrum × Renanthera × Rhynchostylis × Vanda)
  • Onoara (Ascocentrum × Renanthera × Vanda × Vandopsis)
  • Opsisanda (Vanda × Vandopsis)
  • Pageara (Ascocentrum × Luisia × Rhynchostylis × Vanda)
  • Pantapaara (Ascoglossum × Renanthera × Vanda)
  • Paulara (Ascocentrum × Doritis × Phalaenopsis × Renanthera × Vanda)
  • Pehara (Aerides × Arachnis × Vanda × Vandopsis)
  • Pereiraara (Aerides × Rhynchostylis × Vanda)
  • Phalaerianda (Aerides × Phalaenopsis × Vanda)
  • Raganara (Renanthera × Trichoglottis × Vanda)
  • Ramasamyara (Arachnis × Rhynchostylis × Vanda)
  • Renafinanda (Neofinetia × Renanthera × Vanda)
  • Renanda (Arachnis × Renanthera × Vanda)
  • Renantanda (Renanthera × Vanda)
  • Rhynchovanda (Rhynchostylis × Vanda)
  • Ridleyare (Arachnis × Trichoglottis × Vanda)
  • Robinaria (Aerides × Ascocentrum × Renanthera × Vanda)
  • Ronnyara (Aerides × Ascocentrum × Rhynchostylis × Vanda)
  • Sanjumeara (Aerides × Neofinetia × Rhynchostylis × Vanda)
  • Sarcovanda (Sarcochilus × Vanda)
  • Shigeuraara (Ascocentrum × Ascoglossum × Renanthera × Vanda)
  • Stamariaara (Ascocentrum × Phalaenopsis × Renanthera × Vanda)
  • Sutingara (Arachnis × Ascocentrum × Phalaenopsis × Vanda × Vandopsis)
  • Teohara (Arachnis × Renanthera × Vanda × Vandopsis)
  • Trevorara (Arachnis × Phalaenopsis × Vanda)
  • Trichovanda (Trichoglottis × Vanda)
  • Vascostylis (Ascocentrum × Rhynchostylis × Vanda)
  • Vandachnis (Arachnis × Vandopsis)
  • Vancampe (Acampe × Vanda)
  • Vandaenopsis (Phalaenopsis × Vanda)
  • Vandaeranthes (Aeranthes × Vanda)
  • Vandewegheara (Ascocentrum × Doritis × Phalaenopsis × Vanda)
  • Vandofinetia (Neofinetia × Vanda)
  • Vandofinides (Aerides × Neofinetia × Vanda)
  • Vandoritis (Doritis × Vanda)
  • Vanglossum (Ascoglossum × Vanda)
  • Wilkinsara (Ascocentrum × Vanda × Vandopsis)
  • Yapara (Phalaenopsis × Rhynchostylis × Vanda)
  • Yusofara (Arachnis × Ascocentrum × Renanthera × Vanda)
  • Yonezawaara (Neofinetia × Rhynchostylis × Vanda)

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