Thứ Năm, 6 tháng 3, 2014

Cymbidium





Species

  1. Cymbidium aestivum (Yunnan, China South-Central)
  2. Cymbidium aliciae (Philippines)
  3. Cymbidium aloifolium: Aloe-Leafed Cymbidium (Himalaya to W. Malaysia) Đoản kiếm Lô hội (PHH), Kiếm Lô hội (TH). 
  4. Cymbidium atropurpureum (S. Thailand, W. & C. Malaysia)
  5. Cymbidium bicolor: Two-Colored Cymbidium (S. China to Trop. Asia)
    1. Cymbidium bicolor subsp. bicolor (S. India, Sri Lanka) Pseudobulb epiphyte
    2. Cymbidium bicolor subsp. obtusum (Himalaya to S. China and Indo-China). Pseudobulb epiphyte
    3. Cymbidium bicolor subsp. pubescens (W. & C. Malaysia)
  6. Cymbidium borneense (N. & NW. Borneo)
  7. Cymbidium canaliculatum: Banana Orchid, Queensland Black Orchid, Small Groove-leaf Cymbidium (N. & E. Australia)
  8. Cymbidium chawalongense (newly discovered in Tibet)
  9. Cymbidium chloranthum: Green-flowered Cymbidium (W. Malaysia)
  10. Cymbidium cochleare (E. Himalaya to Taiwan)
  11. Cymbidium concinnum (Yunnan, SW China)
  12. Cymbidium cyperifolium (Himalaya to S. China and Philippines)
    1. Cymbidium cyperifolium subsp. cyperifolium (Himalaya to S. China).. Pseudobulb epiphyte
    2. Cymbidium cyperifolium subsp. indochinense (Indo-China, Philippines). Pseudobulb epiphyte
  13. Cymbidium dayanum: Phoenix Orchid, Tree Orchid, Day's Cymbidium (Himalaya to S. Japan and Malaysia)
  14. Cymbidium defoliatum (China)
  15. Cymbidium devonianum: Devon's Cymbidium (Nepal to N. Thailand)
  16. Cymbidium eburneum: Ivory-colored Cymbidium (Himalaya to Hainan)
  17. Cymbidium elongatum (NW. Borneo)
  18. Cymbidium elegans (SW China)
  19. Cymbidium ensifolium: Four Season Orchid, Golden-thread Orchid, Spring Orchid, Burned Apex Orchid, Rock Orchid (Trop. & Temp. E. Asia)
    1. Cymbidium ensifolium subsp. ensifoliumMt. Tu-Wu Fall Orchid (Indo-China to Temp. E. Asia). Pseudobulb, epiphyte
    2. Cymbidium ensifolium subsp. haematodes (S. India to New Guinea). Pseudobulb epiphyte
  20. Cymbidium erythraeum: Indian Cymbidium (Himalaya to SC. China)
  21. Cymbidium erythrostylum: Red Column Cymbidium (Vietnam)
  22. Cymbidium faberiMulti-flower Orchid, Miscanthus Orchid (Uttaranchal to Taiwan)
    1. Cymbidium faberi var. faberi (C. & S. China, Taiwan). Pseudobulb epiphyte
    2. Cymbidium faberi var. szechuanicum (Uttaranchal to SC. China). Pseudobulb epiphyte
  23. Cymbidium finlaysonianum: Finlayson's Cymbidium (Indo-China to Malaysia)
  24. Cymbidium flavum (China)
  25. Cymbidium floribundumGolden Leaf-edge Orchid, Golden-edged Orchid, Yellow Margin Orchid (S. China, Taiwan).
  26. Cymbidium goeringiiSpring Orchid (Himalaya to Temp. E. Asia).
    1. Cymbidium goeringii subsp. goeringii : Goering's Cymbidium (Himalaya to Temp. E. Asia). Pseudobulb epiphyte
      1. Cymbidium goeringii subsp. goeringii var. goeringii: Chinese Spring Orchid, Japanese Spring Orchid, Korean Spring Orchid (Temp. E. Asia) Pseudobulb epiphyte
      2. Cymbidium goeringii subsp. goeringii var. formosanum: Taiwanese Spring Orchid (Taiwan) Pseudobulb epiphyte
      3. Cymbidium goeringii subsp. goeringii var. forrestii: Yunnanese Spring Orchid, Pseudobulb epiphyte
    2. Cymbidium goeringii subsp. gracillimum : Leek Orchid, Chive Orchid (Japan to S. China). Pseudobulb epiphyte
    3. Cymbidium goeringii subsp. longibracteatum (SC. China). Pseudobulb epiphyte
      1. Cymbidium goeringii subsp. longibracteatum var. longibracteatum Sword-leaf Spring Orchid (SC. China). Pseudobulb epiphyte
      2. Cymbidium goeringii subsp. longibracteatum var. tsukengensis Mt. Tsukerg Orchid, Snow Orchid (SC. China). Pseudobulb epiphyte
    4. Cymbidium goeringii subsp. tortisepalum : Broad-leaf Spring Orchid (SC. China to Taiwan) Pseudobulb epiphyte
      1. Cymbidium goeringii subsp. tortisepalum var. tortisepalum (Taiwan). Pseudobulb epiphyte
      2. Cymbidium goeringii subsp. tortisepalum var. lianpan Miscanthus Orchid (SC. China). Pseudobulb epiphyte
  27. Cymbidium gongshanense (S. China)
  28. Cymbidium hartinahianum J.B.Comber & Nasution 1977 (N. Sumatra)
  29. Cymbidium hookerianum (E. Nepal to S. China).
  30. Cymbidium insigne: Splendid Cymbidium (N. Thailand to Hainan)
  31. Cymbidium iridioides: Iris-like Cymbidium (Himalaya to SC. China)
  32. Cymbidium kanran: Cold-growing Cymbidium (S. China to S. Japan)
  33. Cymbidium lancifolium: Green-flowered Peacock Orchid, Lance-leafed Cymbidium (Trop. & Subtrop. Asia)
    1. Cymbidium lancifolium var. lancifolium : Green Bamboo-leaf Orchid, Cut-grass Orchid (Trop. & Subtrop. Asia) Pseudobulb epiphyte
    2. Cymbidium lancifolium var. papuanum (New Guinea). Pseudobulb epiphyte
  34. Cymbidium longifolium (Himalaya to SC. China)
  35. Cymbidium lowianum: Low's Cymbidium (China to N. Indo-China)
    1. Cymbidium lowianum var. kalawense (Myanmar). Pseudobulb epiphyte
    2. Cymbidium lowianum var. lowianum (China to N. Indo-China). Pseudobulb epiphyte
  36. Cymbidium macrorhizon (N. Pakistan to Temp. E. Asia).
  37. Cymbidium madidum: Buttercup Orchid, Northern Cymbidium, Moist Forest Cymbidium (Queensland to N. New South Wales)
  38. Cymbidium maguanense F.Y. Liu: Ivory-colored Cymbidium (Yunnan, SW China)
  39. Cymbidium mastersii: Masters's Cymbidium (E. Himalaya to China)
  40. Cymbidium micranthum (Yunnan, China South-Central,temperate Asia)
  41. Cymbidium multiradicatum (Yunnan, SW China)
  42. Cymbidium munronianum (E. Himalaya to Assam)
  43. Cymbidium nanulum (China (SW. Yunnan, SW. Guizhou), Hainan)
  44. Cymbidium omeiense (China, Xichuan)
  45. Cymbidium parishii (S. Myanmar)
  46. Cymbidium qiubeiense (China)
  47. Cymbidium rectum (Malaysia, N. Borneo)
  48. Cymbidium roseum (W. Malaysia)
  49. Cymbidium sanderae: Sander's Cymbidium (Vietnam)
  50. Cymbidium schroederi (C. Vietnam)
  51. Cymbidium sigmoideum (W. Malaysia)
  52. Cymbidium sinense: Chinese Cymbidium (Assam to Nansei-shoto)
  53. Cymbidium suave: Snake Orchid (E. Australia)
  54. Cymbidium suavissimum (N. Myanmar)
  55. Cymbidium teretipetiolatum (China)
  56. Cymbidium tigrinum: Tiger-striped Cymbidium (Assam to China).
  57. Cymbidium tracyanum: Tracy's Cymbidium (SE. Tibet to China and Indo-China)
  58. Cymbidium wenshanense (China to Vietnam)
  59. Cymbidium whiteae (Sikkim)
  60. Cymbidium wilsonii (China)

Natural Hybrids[edit]

  1. Cymbidium × ballianum (= C. eburneum × C. mastersii) (Myanmar)
  2. Cymbidium × baoshanense (= C. lowianum × C. tigrinum) (SC. Yunnan)
  3. Cymbidium × chiu-lih(?) (= C. lancifolium × C. ensifolium) (China)
  4. Cymbidium × nishiuchianum (= C. goeringii × C. kanran) (Taiwan)
  5. Cymbidium × nishiuchianum (= C. goeringii subsp. goeringii var. formosanum × C. kanran) (Taiwan)
  6. Cymbidium × florinda (= C. erythrostylum × C. iridioidesCyperorchis × florinda) (Vietnam)
  7. Cymbidium × gammieanum (= C. elegans × C. erythraeumCyperorchis × gammieana) (Nepal to Sikkim)
  8. Cymbidium × glebelandensis (= C. insigne × C. schroederi) (Vietnam)
  9. Cymbidium × jy-shiang(?) (= C. lancifolium × C. sinense) (China)
  10. Cymbidium × rosefieldense (= C. hookerianum × C. tracyanum. Cyperorchis × rosefieldensis) (Vietnam)
  11. Cymbidium × woodlandense (= C. mastersii × C. tracyanumCyperorchis × woodlandensis) (Myanmar)

Asian Cymbidium[edit]

Asian Cymbidiums or Chinese Cymbidiums refer to mainly five species of cymbidiums orchids that are found throughout East Asia in areas of ChinaKoreaJapanIndia, and in parts of Thailandand Vietnam. These species are usually grown for their variegated leaves. But plants are also grown for their fragrant flowers and peloric flower structure. Plants are usually grown in long and thin vase like pots. The five species are:
  1. Cymbidium sinense-

    Mặc Lan hoa

  2. Cymbidium ensifolium
  3. Cymbidium kanran
  4. Cymbidium goeringii (all the varieties like v. longibracteatum, v. lianpan, subsp. gracillimum are treated as different groups in the culture traditionally) Image
  5. Cymbidium faberi


















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