Chủ Nhật, 6 tháng 4, 2014


SpeciesName Distribution Stem height cm Leaf length cm Flower size cm Flower color cm Time of Flowering
Den. aduncum Wall Assam, Khasia Hills Darjeeling and tropical valley of Sikkim alt.800 m . 60.0 7.0 2.2 Pale purple translucent April- May
Den.aggregatum Roxb. Foothills of Sikkim and Assam 10.0 7.5 4.0 Yelloworange-yellow , lip March—May
Den.amoenum Wall. Orissa, Kumaon, Khasia Hills Garhwall Hills and tropical valleys of Sikkim up to 1000 m. 60.0 7.5 5.0 White tipped with magenta, lip white with a purple spot near the tip greenish-yellow toward the middle June
Den.amplum Ldl. Sikkim, Assam, Khasia 5.0 12.5 8.0 Greenish brown with dark brown blotches lip dark purple with brown edges. October
Den.anceps Sw. Sundarbans (W.B) Andamans and Nicobars, Sikkim 75.0 4.5 1.5 Yellowish green April-May
Den.aphyllum Fischer South India in coromandel Deccan peninsula on the Nilgiri Hills and Iyamalley Hills 90.0 15.0 3.0 Pale rose, lip yellow April-May
Den.aqueum Ldl. Kokan, W.Ghats of Bombay alt. 1000-2000m 45.0 15.0 3.0 Cream White, lip suffused with pale yellow September-October
Den.barbatulum Ldl. W.Ghats from Mysore to Travancore 45.0 10.0 2.5 White,often suffused with pink February-April
Den.bellatulum Rolfe Himalayan Ranges 5.0 4.0 4.0 White,lip verydeep purple at the apex February-April
Den.bicameratum Ldl. Orissa, Bihar, Khasia Hills Ganjam,Sikkim alt. 1500 45.0 8.0 0.8 Yellow with red speckles in stripes August-Septembar
Den.bolboflorum Falc. Sikkim,Darjeeling alt. 1000-2000 m 20.0 7.5 0.4 Greenish August-September
Den.brymerianum Rchb.f. Assam 45.0 12.0 7.5 Golden Yel- February-March
Den.candidum Wall Kumaon,Manipur,Khasia Hills,Sikkim alt. 1000-2000m 60.0 7.5 3.0 White, Lip white with a yellow spot near the base. May-June
Den.cariniferum Rchb.f. Manipur alt. 1800m 25.0 7.0 3.5 Pale buff,disk of lip golden streaks May-June
Den.cathcartii Hk.f. Orissa,tropical valleys of Sikkim alt. 800m 45.0 15.0 2.5 Gilden yellow lip marked with purple April-September
Den.chrysanthum Wall. Khasia Hills, Sikkim alt. 1000-2000 210.0 17.5 5.0 Full, Bright,dark yellow, lip with two brown- ish purple ovate patches. July-October
Den.chryseum Assam and Himalayan 60.0 10.0 5.0 Golden yellow March-May Rolfe ranges
Den.chrysotoxum Ldl. Sikkim, Assam, Manipur, Khasia Hills alt. 400-1000m 30.0 12.5 5.0 Golden yellow or orange yellow margin April-May
Den.clavatum Wall. Kumaon, Khasia Hills Sikkim alt. 1000-2000 m 75.0 12.0 7.5 Dark yellow, lip with a large purple patch near its centre and a pale May-June
Den.crassinode Bens & Rchb.f. Himalayan ranges 60.0 10.0 7.0 White, tipped prominently with magenta purple lip yellow amethyst at the apex, zoned with white October-December
Den.crepidatum Griff. Chota Nagpur, Orissa Assam, Khasia Hills,South India and tropical valley of Sikkim,up to 1200 m 30.0 10.0 3.0 Pink or white in color lip with a large yellow spot April-May
Den.cretaceum Ldl. Assam, Khasia Hills Garhwal, Dehradun Mussorie 75.0 10.0 5.0 Dull opaque white, lip white on the edge and remaining portion pale yellow with scarlet stripes April
Den.crystallinum Rchb.f. Sikkim alt 1000-17000 m 45.0 15.0 4.0 White tipped with magenta, lip yellow with a white border and a blotch of amethyst in front April-June
Den.cumulatum Ldl. Assam, Khasia Hills tropical valleys of Sikkim alt. 1000 m 60.0 10.0 4.0 Pale purple, lip white except the yellow base and sometimes a pink patch near the apex June-July
Den.dalhousieanum Wall. Sikkim and Assam 120.0 15.0 12.5 Rosy or yellowish with crimson on the lip April-May
Den.densiflorum Wall Khasia Hills and tropical valleys of Sikkim up to 1300 m 45.0 15.0 5.0 Rich butter yellow lip orange with paler edges April-May
Den.denudans Wall. Manipur,Sikkim and Kumaon Hills 15.0 15.0 2.5 White with red veins on the lip,sometimes yellowish with green lip September-October
Den.devonianum Paxt. Khasia and Naga Hills alt. 700 to 1700 m 120.0 10.0 7.0 Creamy white tinged with pink lip white margined with purple February-May
Den.eriaeflorum Griff. Khasia Hills, manipur and Sikkim alt. 1000 to 2000 m 20.0 7.0 1.5 Various tints of green; lip and column slightly spotted with dull purple September-October
Den.falconeri Hk.f. Khasia Hills, Manipur 90.0 10.0 10.0 White tipped with amethyst lip rich maroon --
Den.farmeri Paxt. Khasia Hills, Sikkim alt 400-1000 m 45.0 15.0 5.0 White or lilac mauve lip deep yellow with white edge May
Den.fimbriatum Hk.f. Sirguja, Orissa, Kumaon Khasia, Manipur, W. Ghats tropical valleys of Sikkim alt. 1500 m 180.0 15.0 7.5 Deep, rich orange yellow March-May
Den.formosum Roxb. Nagpur, Assam, Khasia Hills Andaman Islands, foothills of Sikkim 45.0 12.5 10.0 Purest white blotch or yellow in the throat,lipyellow May
Den.fuscescens Griff. Sikkim, Khasia and Naga Hills alt. 1700-2300 m 4.0 10.0 5.0 Dull greenish grown lip paler with a small central patch of yellow October
Den.gibsoni Ldl. Assam, Khasia Hills Sikkim alt. 700 to 1700 m 120.0 15.0 5.0 Saffron yellow to orange yellow lip with two brownish purple spots July-August
Den.graminifolium Wt. Anamalai, Nilgiri Travancore and Tinneveley Hills near sea level to 700 m 20.0 7.5 1.5 White April-May
Den.haemoglossum Thw. Malabar 60.0 12.5 0.8 Yellow, lip tinged with dark -
Den.haniffi Ridl. Andaman Islands 30.0 10.0 7.5 White tinged faintly with pale rose or lilac,lip lemon yellow with purple spots February-April
Den.herbaceum Bihar, Pareshnath Hills and 90.0 12.0 0.6 Yellow September-October Ldl. Western Ghats alt.700-1300m
Den.heterocarpum Wall. Tropical valley of Sikkim,Assam Patkoi Hills, Khasia Hills,Malabar, W. Ghats,alt. 100-1300 m 150.0 12.5 5.0 White or straw colored disk of lip with two red or purple blotches April
Den.heyneanum Ldl. Nilgiris, Bolampatti Tinnevelly Hills alt. 1600 m 20.0 10.0 1.5 White --
Den.hookerianum Ldl. Assam, Khasia Hills Sikkim alt. 1000-2000 m 20.0 12.5 7.5 Golden yellow,lip apricot yellow with or without two oblique dark purple patch September
Den.infundibulum Ldl. Himalayan ranges 60.0 7.5 10.0 Pure ivory white lip white with a large blotch ofgolden yellow March-May
Den.lawianum Ldl. Chota Nagpur, Konkan W.Ghats, N Kanara 25.0 10.0 4.0 Pink with buff at the base of the lip March
Den.lituiflorum Ldl. Assam, Manipur alt. 1700 m 60.0 7.5 6.0 Amethyst purple paler at the base lip white with purple transverse stripes February-April
Den.longicornu Ldl. Khasia,Haga Hills Sikkim alt.1400-2400 m 60.0 10.0 4.0 Pure white,lip pale brown veined with orange September-November
Den.mabelae W. Ghats, N. Kanara - 8.0 1.0 Pure white with July-September Gammic. a yellow lip
Den.macraei Ldl. Khasia Hills, Kokan, Nilgiri Hills alt. 1300-2700 m 90.0 10.0 0.4 White March-May
Den.machostachyum Ldl. W. coast and W. Ghats up to 2300 m 60.0 10.0 2.5 Pale green or yellow often tinged with pink July August
Den.microbulbon W.Ghats, Deccan N.Kanara Nilgiri Annamalai 2.0 7.5 0.5 White,lip pink darker veins December-january
Den.miserum Rchb.f. Assam - - - - March
Den.nobile Ldl. Cachar,Khasia Hills Manipur Orissa Sikkim alt. 1000-1700 m 90.0 10.0 10.0 White tinted with amethyst,lip maroon purple in the throat the front portion white with a purple tip April-May
Den.nutans Ldl. W.Ghats alt 800-2000 m 25.0 7.0 3.0 Yellow May
Den.ochreatum Ldl. Himalayan ranges at high elevations Khasia Hills 30.0 7.5 7.5 Deep,golden yellow with a large blotch of deep maroon on the lip February-April
Den.ovatum Kranz Konkan,W.Ghats, N.Kanara, southwards along to south India alt.500-1700 m 50.0 10.0 1.5 Cream-colored,lip greenish September-January
Den.palpebrae Ldl. Teesta Valley 22.0 15.0 6.0 White or rose,disk of lip orange April-May
Den.parishii Rchb.f. Eastern Himalayas 30.0 12.5 5.0 Dark rose fading into white toward the centre,lip marked inside with rich purple and has a blotch on each side of the throat February-May
Den.pauciflorum King and Pantl. Assam,Darjeeling,Sikkim alt. 700-1300 m 75.0 10.0 2.0 Golden yellow,edged with purpleend lobe of lip spotted red June
Den.peguanum Ldl. Sikkim,Orissa,Jaspur, Dangs Konkan, W.Ghats and N.Kanara 6.0 5.0 1.2 Sepals pale green petals white lip pale green,mid-lobe suffused withamethyst or purplist October-December
Den.perula Rchb.f. Assam - - - Sulphur with orange veins -
Den.pierardii Roxb. Assam,Sundarbans(W.B);Orissa South Andaman,tropical valleys of Sikkim alt. 1000 m 180.00 10.0 5.0 Pale mauve tinged with rose April-May
Den.porphyrochilum Ldl. Manipur,Khasia Hills,Sikkim alt. 1700-2300 m 2.5 7.0 1.0 Pale green with red nerves,lip brownish purple edged pale green -
Den.primuli num Ldl. Sikkim,Dehradun Mussorie,Garhwal alt. 1000 m 30.0 10.0 5.0 White,lip primrose yellow with a tinge of purple in the throat April
Den.pulchellum Roxb. Sikkim,Khasia Hills Naga Hills, Manipur alt. 2200 m 90.0 20.0 12.0 Creamy yellow or lemon-yellow to almost white with a more or less definite rosy suffusion, lip cream white April
Den.pumilum Roxb. Assam 2.0 2.0 0.8 Cream-colored lip with darkspot at the tip or veined with red March-April
Den.pygmaeum Ldl. Sikkim at foothills alt. 400 m 3.5 4.0 1.0 White except the pale brown lip and its amethyst colored midlobe November-January
Den.ramosum Ldl. Khasia Hills,Sikkim alt. 1300-1700 m 90.0 7.0 4.0 Primrose yellow lip with streaks of brown purple April-May
Den.regium Prain. Lower India, Chota Nagpur Orissa 45.0 10.0 7.5 Rosy red with white base,the tube or lip cream and throat magenta colored April-June
Den.rotundatum Benth Naga Hills,Sikkim alt. 2000-2300 m 5.0 15.0 - Pale chestnut brown April
Den.ruckeri Ldl. Khasia Hills 60.0 12.0 3.5 Pale yellow,lip pink or yellow with red veins April-May
Den.spatella Rchb.f. Assam - - - Yellowish May
Den.spathaceum Ldl. Sikkim alt 2000-2300 m 25.0 7.0 1.0 White May-June
Den.sphegidoglossum Rhcb.f. Khasia Hills alt. 1000-1700m 25.0 10.0 1.2 White,lip white with red veins and a yellow band June
Den.stuposum Ldl. Khasia Hills, Darjeeling Sikkim alt. 400-1000 m 25.0 10.0 1.2 White with a patch of dull yellow on the lip June
Den.sulcalum Ldl. Assam,Khasia Hills Sikkim in tropical valleys 25.0 18.0 2.5 Dingy yellow with darker lines,lip orange with a patch of brown nerves on either side of the basal part April-May
Den.terminale Rhcb.f. Tropical valleys of Sikkim 15.0 2.0 2.0 White or pale pink,lip with a median yellow line September-October
Den.thyrsiflorum Rhcb.f. Sikkim, Khasia Hills 60.0 12.5 3.0 White lip orange yellow April-May
Den.tortile Ldl. Assam 30.0 10.0 8.0 Pale or rose lilac lip yellow -
Den.transparens Wall. Sikkim, Kumaon, Orissa Chota Nagpur, Assam Khasia Hills Hagpur and Garhwal 45.0 10.0 4.0 White tinged purplish rose toward tips,lip whitish with a dark blood red or dark purple blotch in the throat May
Den.wardianum Warner Khasia Hills, at low altitude 120.0 10.0 10.0 White tipped rich orange with magenta,lip February-March
Den.watti Rhcb.f. Manipur,W.Bengal 25.0 7.5 5.0 White,disk of lip yellow February-April
Den.williamsoni Rhcb.f. Assam, Khasia Hills 20.0 10.0 7.5 Creamy often,lip yellow often dusted with red within February-April

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